Water is primarily used as a solvent (substances, usually liquids, that are used to dissolve other substances.) in cosmetics and personal care products in which it dissolves many of the ingredients that impart skin benefits, such as conditioning agents and cleansing agents. Water also forms emulsions in which the oil and water components of the product are combined to form creams and lotions. These are sometimes referred to as oil-in-water emulsions or as water-in-oil depending on the ratios of the oil phase and water phase.
Ubiquinone (Coenzyme Q10) is an enzyme produced naturally in the human body found in every cell. It is involved in a number of biological functions including helping to produce energy, neutralizing free radicals an keeping cells healthy. With age and stress the level of CoQ10 in the skin lower resulting in a lesser ability to produce collagen, elastin and other important skin molecules. CoQ10 is a small molecule that can penetrate the skin easily making it an ideal product to be used topically to increase the CoQ10 to maintain healty cell function and collagen production.
Green tea is naturally rich in antioxidants. The polyphenols in green tea help neutralize harmful free radicals, which can cause premature aging. Catechins in green tea are antibacterial agents that help fight acne-causing bacteria. The antioxidants and tannins in green tea help treat puffy eyes and dark circles. Green tea contains EGCG one of the most formidable antioxidants discovered to date. EGCG helps treat acne and has incredible anti-inflammatory abilities. It heals aged dry skin and helps to lighten age spots.
Bergamot is a natural antibiotic and disinfectant, so adding it to any skin care formula helps ward off microorganisms—no need for potentially dangerous, chemical preservatives. In addition, this antibacterial action makes the oil great for those with acne, as it helps to kill the bacteria on the skin before it can react to create blackheads and pimples. Bergamot has an added property of helping to control excess oil production in the skin, attacking acne from two sides.
Like many natural oils, bergamot is also an antiseptic, meaning that it encourages wound healing and skin regeneration.
Cranberry Extract known to be excellent for its anti-ageing properties, a cranberry face pack is easy to make and also keeps your face shining and glowing.
The acid in cranberries acts as an exfoliant and vitamins like A and C help boost collagen production. Cranberries also fight free radicals that may cause wrinkles and also keeps your skin moisturised. For centuries, cranberries have been valued for the medicinal, antioxidant properties and anti-ageing benefits. It enhances cell power, defends your skin against environmental damage due to high concentrations of antioxidants such as vitamin C, B and B-5. Because of its amazing capabilities to protect the skin, cranberry is also among winter treatments to protect your skin against harsh winter conditions.
It is beneficial for all skin types but those who have damaged and rough, dull skin can reap huge benefits as it is used as a potent antiseptic and to brighten your skin’s appearance as well.
Tangerine Oil has cytophylactic properties, which is a fancy word meaning that it can stimulate the generation and growth of new cells. This property of tangerine oil makes it especially useful for aging or mature skin that needs rejuvenation and can also help speed up the healing of skin damaged by burns.
Retin-A and retinols are all a type of Vitamin A. This product contains a small amount of natural Vitamin A to give the skin a little Vitamin A boost. Vitamin A stimulates the dermis where collagen, elastin and the blood vessels are. This stimulation reduces wrinkles and increases blood flow to the skin. It also aids in exfoliation which creates a more even tone in the skin. Vitamin A decreases the clustering of melanin granules. The clustering results in brown spots on the skin. Vitamin A helps to reduce these brown spots. Vitamin A decreases sebum production which reduces and treats acne beautifully.
These tiny molecules have the ability to penetrate the outer layers of the skin and are able reach and to repair the lower layers of the skin. It increases the cell turnover by promoting the upper dermal lay to shead which produces new cells below. This sheading and producing cycle increases the production of collagen. Retinyl acetate is considered an exfoliator but a gentler form than retinol.
As far as skincare is concerned, gold is said to minimize collagen depletion and boost elasticity. It helps to even out skin tone and brighten the skin. Gold nanoparticles used in the preparation are ~200 nm in size, largely spherical or facetted. They are synthesized under controlled conditions from H2AuCl4 in water using trace amounts of citric and tannic acids as reducing agent. There is a vast literature on the toxicology of gold nanoparticles because these materials are of use in drug delivery and medical imaging.
Pearl Powder has been used for centuries by women to achieve a flawless complexion. It was used by the ancients Egyptians. The Chinese empress WE ZE accredited her youthful and flawless completion to it. The ancient Chinese claimed it also healed wounds and burns. Today Pearl Powder is widely used to lighten age spots, brighten and improve overall skin texture. Pearl powder is rich in amino acids and has more than 30 trace minerals that support healthy cellular function. It main component, calcium carbonate is a hygroscopic, acidic material, with bright white color. It therefore has the ability to whiten skin surfaces, dry excess oils, and reduce skin pH.